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South Pole Facts

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Col.(Retd.) P. Ganesan

Facts about South Pole

  • Antarctica has no native population or permanent residents, but there are a number of researchers and explorers who stay for extended periods.

  • Antarctica is also the world's tallest southernmost continent.

  • Antarctica is bigger than Europe and almost double the size of Australia.

  • Antarctica is surrounded by the Southern Ocean.

  • Antarctica is the coldest, windiest, and driest place on earth.

  • Because it experiences such little rain, Antarctica is considered a desert.

  • Due to its ice cap, Antarctica is the highest continent average approximately 2,300 m above sea level.

  • During the South Pole Winter (late March to late September) it is dark all the time

  • In the summer, it is light 24 hours a day, although the sun is very low in the sky

  • It almost never gets above 0 degree C in Antarctica and the highest recorded temperature at the South Pole is 7 degree F -13.8 degree C.

  • Most of Antarctica is covered in ice over 1.6 kilometres thick (1 mile).

  • Only 2% of Antarctica's land is not covered in ice

  • Some of the ice in the ice sheet that covers most of the continent of Antarctica has been there for nearly a million years.

  • Some penguins rely on ice during their breeding season.

  • The continental ice sheet of Antarctica contains about 7 million miles3 of ice, 90% of the world's total.

  • The soils of Polar Regions, called permafrost, are filled with frozen water.

  • The South Pole has a desert climate, almost never receiving any precipitation. Air humidity is near zero. However, high winds can cause the blowing of snowfall, and the accumulation of snow amounts to about 20 cm per year.

  • The South Pole is found in Antarctica.

  • The Sun does not set in the summer solstice on December 21 in the south

  • The weight of all this ice is so enormous that the continent buried beneath it would rise to an average altitude of 1,000 meters (3,280 feet) if the ice sheet were removed

  • The world's lowest temperature of -128 degrees F was recorded at the Russia Vostok Station in Antarctica.